Google has assigned a new CVE identifier for a critical security flaw in the libwebp image library for rendering images in the WebP format that has come under active exploitation in the wild.
Tracked as CVE-2023-5129, the issue has been given the maximum severity score of 10.0 on the CVSS rating system. It has been described as an issue rooted in the Huffman coding algorithm –
With a specially crafted WebP lossless file, libwebp may write data out of bounds to the heap. The ReadHuffmanCodes() function allocates the HuffmanCode buffer with a size that comes from an array of precomputed sizes: kTableSize.